2008年3月26日星期三

系统配置:安装低配置机器上的ubuntu

How to install an Ubuntu-Desktop on low memory systems (Pentium II and III Processor, 32-256 MB RAM)

如何在低配置的机器上安装ubuntu-desktop(奔2、奔3处理器,内存在32至256M)

[编辑]Install the Server version (no graphics)

安装服务器版(不安装图形界面)

To install a base system, once you have booted from the install cd, type:

安装基本系统,当你从系统安装光盘启动电脑後,输入下面的命令

server

and hit enter. If that does not work, you may need to reboot and investigate boot-line options. Press F1 at the boot line for help.

按回车,如果系统没有正常反应,请重新启动你的电脑,并检查启动行的选项参数设置。按下F1可以得到有关于启动参数的帮助。

Once the server install is complete, you will probably need to edit yoursources.listfile usingvim:

当你安装完服务器版本後,你可能需要用到VIM(一个可以在文本界面下工作的文本编辑软件),来编辑你的安装源配置文件(/etc/apt/sources.list). 通过以下命令可以调用VIM对sources.list进行编辑:

sudo vim /etc/apt/sources.list

Uncoment all official repositories by removing # at the beginning of the line. Return to the command line and type:

启动官方源:把官方源地址前的"#"号删除即可,完成操作後保存,并返回命令模式,执行以下命令:

sudo apt-get update

Now you should be ready to install a window manager and some programs.

[编辑]这时你就可以开始安装图形操作界面和其他所需要的软件了(编者注:sudo apt-get update 後最好还是再执行一下:sudo apt-get dist-upgrade,然後再开始其他软件的安装吧)

[编辑]Install a Lightweight System

安装一个轻量级的系统。

A good way to install a lightweight (graphical) system is to do a server install (see the above section) and then install some minimal lightweight components.

安装轻量级系统的一个很好的办法就是先进行服务器系统(server)的安装,然後在这个系统的基础上安装一个小型的图形管理界面

Some examples are:

以安装icewm图形界面和一些常用软件为例,执行以下命令即可:

sudo apt-get install gdm x-window-system-core xterm icewm menu mozilla-firefox abiword synaptic

This installs a lightweight graphical system using theIceWMwindow manager. From thecommand line, simply type

这步操作将会安装一个叫iceWM的轻量级图形管理界面,只需在命令模式下执行以下命令就可以启动它。

startx

and icewm will start up intty7.

 sudo apt-get install wdm x-window-system-core xfce4 mozilla-firefox synaptic

This installs a system running XFCE. If you consider this, bear in mind that theXubuntuproject might also be a viable option for you.

or even

安装xfce4图形管理界面,或直接安装Xubuntu发行版。

sudo apt-get install fluxbox x-window-system-core xdm dillo synaptic

This is the lightest installation possible, which usesFluxboxas its window manager.

安装Fluxbox图形界面:这也可以说是最为轻量级的图形界面了。

[编辑]Other Ideas

其他可选操作 * A default installation will cache about 300 megs of packages onto the disk. To avoid running out of space on a small 2 gig hard drive add the "archive-copier/copy=false" option to the prompt when installing.

  • 默认的安装方法将会复制大约300M的软件包到硬盘上,如果你在一个容量只有2G的硬盘上安装该系统,你可能不希望浪费这些空间,这时只需在安装前加上一个选项"archive-copier/copy=false"即可

So, when you boot the installer, instead of just pressing enter to continue, enter

当启动安装程序时,先加入下面的参数,再开始安装,

linux archive-copier/copy=false

and press enter.



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